Introduction- Flutter is Google’s open source UI toolkit for creating attractive, natively compiled applications for mobile, web, desktop, and embedded device with single codebase or we can say it is used to develop cross platform applications for Android, iOS, Linux, Mac, Windows, Google Fuchsia and the web using same code.
Flutter’s Programming Language :-
The framework of Flutter, written in the Dart programming language, created by google. Dart is a typed object programming language. The purpose of Dart programming is to create a frontend user interfaces for the web and mobile apps. It is under active development, compiled to native machine code for building mobile applications.
Flutter SDK :-
Flutter is a complete SDK, it includes a rendering engine, ready-made widgets, testing and integration APIs, etc.
Main Architectural Layers Are: –
- Embedder that uses a platform-specific language and makes the app run on any OS.
- Flutter engine written in C++, provides low-level rendering support using Google’s Skia graphics library. It implements Flutter’s core libraries, including animation and graphics, file and network I/O, accessibility support, plugin architecture, and a Dart runtime and compile toolchain.
- Framework based on the Dart programming, it offers a rich set of libraries that can be divided into layers: basic foundational classes, rendering layer, widget layer, and Material/Cupertino libraries.
Pros of Flutter Development :-
- Ready-made and custom widgets for fast UI coding.
- Hot reload function for instantaneous updates.
- UI customization capability regardless of the complexity of the element.
- Dart – simple and effective language.
- Allow Minimal code and access to native features.
- Google as a guarantee of long-term support.
- Flutter developer’s community for knowledge sharing.
- High performance.
- Low-cost app development.
- Firebase Integration.
Cons of Flutter Development :-
- Lack of third-party libraries.
- Large file size.
- New skills required.
Flutter has become one of the most popular cross platform frameworks. Nowadays, most of the companies are enthusiastic about flutter. It is mainly because one can develop applications for Android, iOS, Windows, Mac, Linux, and web from a single codebase.
Google uses Flutter for various Google Assistant modules and the Google Home Hub user interface. Furthermore, there are already 50,000 Flutter apps available in the Google Play Store, and this size is increasing at a high rate. Alibaba Group, eBay, Groupon, and other popular e-commerce providers use Flutter as well to give their web and mobile applications uniform looks.
Since modern-day customers prioritize speed and usability over anything else, Flutter is likely to be the choice of development for mobile app developers in the near future.
Mr. Rohit Maheshwari, Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Career Point University, Kota