How can I define a research gap for writing the synopsis for the PhD?

Introduction- As we know that before writing the synopsis, we need to define the research gap to describe the statement of problem. Read this article carefully, you will get useful knowledge about the research problem definitely that will be beneficial for the research scholars.

A research problem may be defined as an area of concern, a gap in the existing knowledge, or a deviation in the norm or standard that points to the need for further understanding and investigation. Although many problems turn out to have several solutions (the means to close the gap or correct the deviation), difficulties arise where such means are either not obvious or are not immediately available. This then necessitates some research to reach a viable solution.

A statement of the problem is used in research work as a claim that outlines the problem addressed by a study. The statement of the problem briefly addresses the question: What is the problem that the research will address?

What are the goals of a statement of the problem?
The ultimate goal of a statement of the problem is to transform a generalized problem (something that bothers you; a perceived lack) into a targeted, well-defined problem; one that can be resolved through focused research and careful decision-making.

Writing a statement of the problem should help you clearly identify the purpose of the research project you will propose. Often, the statement of the problem will also serve as the basis for the introductory section of your final proposal, directing your reader’s attention quickly to the issues that your proposed project will address and providing the reader with a concise statement of the proposed project itself.

A statement of problem need not be long and elaborate: one page is more than enough for a good statement of problem.

What are the key characteristics of a statement of the problem?

A good research gap/ problem should have the following characteristics:
1. It should address a gap in knowledge.
2. It should be significant enough to contribute to the existing body of research.
3. It should lead to further research.
4. The problem should render itself to investigation through collection of data.
5. It should be of interest to the researcher and suit his/her skills, time, and resources.
6. The approach towards solving the problem should be ethical.

Dr. Abid Hussain, Associate Professor, School of Computer Applications, Career Point University, Kota

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