India Missile Defence Systems

Ballistic Missile Defence :- This Missile Defence Program is an initiative to develop and deploy a multi-layered Ballistic missile defence system to protect India from Ballistic missile attacks. Introduced in light of the ballistic missile threat from Pakistan, and China, it is a double-tiered system consisting of two land and sea-based interceptor missiles, namely

1) Prithvi Air Defence (PAD) missile for high altitude interception.
2)Advanced Air Defence (AAD) Missile for lower altitude interception.

Prithvi Air Defence (PAD) missile:-
1. The Prithvi Air Defence (PAD) is an anti-ballistic missile developed to intercept incoming ballistic missiles outside the atmosphere.
2. It has an operational range of 300 km -2000 km. It has maximum interception altitude of 80 km. With a maximum speed over Mach 5, PAD is fast enough to hit intermediate-range ballistic missiles.
3. The first test was conducted in 2006 in which a PAD missile successfully intercepted a modified Prithvi-II Missile at an altitude of 50 km (31 mi). The Prithvi-II ballistic missile was modified successfully to mimic the trajectory of M-11 missiles.

Advanced Air Defence (AAD) Missile :-
1. Advanced Air Defence (AAD) is an anti-ballistic missile designed to intercept incoming ballistic missiles in the endo-atmosphere at an altitude of 30 km (19 mi).
2. AAD has an operational range of 150 km to 200 km. It has a maximum speed of Mach 4.5.

Short Range Defence System (less than 100 KM)-

1) Akash Air Defence System :-
a. Akash is a medium-range mobile surface-to-air missile defence system developed by the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and the missiles produced by Bharat Dynamics Limited.
b. The missile system can target aircraft up to 45 km away, at altitudes up to 18,000 m. It has the capability to neutralize aerial targets like fighter jets, cruise missiles and air-to-surface missiles as well as ballistic missiles.
c. The Akash missile system has been designed and developed as part of India’s 30-year-old integrated guided-missile development programe (IGMDP) which also includes other missiles like Nag, Agni, Trishul and Prithvi.

2) Barak 8 “LRSAM”:-
a. Barak 8 also known as LR-SAM or as MR-SAM is an Indo-Israeli surface-to-air missile (SAM), designed to defend against any type of airborne threat including aircraft, helicopters, anti-ship missiles, and UAVs as well as ballistic missiles, cruise missiles and combat jets.
b. Operational range up to 100 km. Maximum Speed mach 2.
c. All the three services Indian army, Indian Air Force and Indian navy uses Barak 8.

3. Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile (QRSAM) :-
a. Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile (QRSAM) is a missile developed by the DRDO in association with Bharat Electronics Limited and Bharat Dynamics Limited for the Indian Army.
b. This missile is an all-weather, all-terrain SAM equipped with electronic countermeasures against jamming by aircraft radars. QRSAM is a compact weapon system and is mobile. It has a fully automated Command and Control System.
c. Operational range 30 km. Maximum Speed mach 4.5 .

4) SPYDER :-
a. The SPYDER (Surface-to-air Python and DERby) is an Israeli short and medium-range mobile air defence system developed by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems with assistance from Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI).
b. The SPYDER is a low-level, quick-reaction surface-to-air missile system capable of engaging aircraft, helicopters, unmanned air vehicles, drones, and precision-guided munitions. The SPYDER launcher is designed to fire.
c. Python-5 and Derby surface-to-air missiles which share full commonality with the air-to-air missiles. Operational Range Upto 50 KM. Maximum Speed mach 4.

Mr. Harshmeet Maan, B.Tech. (CS) – III, School of Computer Science and Technology , Career Point University, Kota

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