Modern Farming

Introduction- Modern agriculture is an evolving approach to agricultural innovations and farming practices that help farmers increase efficiency and reduce the number of natural resources like water, land and energy necessary to meet the world’s food fuel and fiber needs. Punjab, Haryana and western Uttar Pradesh were the first to try out modern farming methods in India . Modern farming is used to increase production and less chemical fertilizer is used .

Advantages of Modern Farming:-
1. Increase in production.
2. Enhanced productivity.
3. Improvement in living standards of farmers.
4. Growth of economy n country.
5. Good quality of produce.

Disadvantages of Modern Farming:-
1. Water retaining capacity of the soil decreases.
2. Pesticides may kill useful insects.
3. Money spent on agriculture increases.
4. It is not sustainable.
5. They pollute the environment.
6.Use of modern technology often results in killing of numerous important microorganism in the soil required for healthy growth of crop.

Modern Technology:-
1. Genetic manipulation.
2. Intensive tillage.
3. Monoculture.
4. Use of synthetic fertilizers.
5. Irrigation technologies.
6. Chemical pest control.

To protect fields from pests , diseases , erosion , and weed , farmers can also use methods like:
1. Cover crops
2. Natural pest predators
3. Bio-intensive integrated pest management
4. Crop rotation

Ms. Divya Chauhan, B.Sc.(Agri.)-II Year, School of Agricultural Sciences, Career Point University, Kota

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