Introduction of A.I. The term ‘artificial intelligence’ can be traced back as far as 1956, and we can recognize work in the field of AI development from in the 1940s with the introduction of the ‘Turing Test’. Devised by Alan Turing, the test sought to provide a working definition of intelligence, arguing that the ability to demonstrate machine intelligence would be demonstrated when a computer could passably simulate a human being. The thrust of AI development has sought to pass this test ever since. Effectively, AI is an attempt to build intelligent entities that can match or surpass human intelligence and rationality.
What is NEOM ?
NEOM means “New Future”. The acronym NEOM was first used publicly with the meaning “New Future” on 24 October 2017, when Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman announced the launch of a project involving the construction of a futuristic $500 billion city that will be built to run entirely on alternative energy.
NEOM is being built on the Red Sea in northwest Saudi Arabia. It can be imagined as a place where entrepreneurship and innovation would frame the course for this New Future. The city is being marketed as a new model for sustainable living, working and prospering. Saudi officials describe it as “the world’s most ambitious project.”
Significance and facts-
1. NEOM is a planned 16-borough city on the Red Sea coast in the northwestern Saudi province of Tabuk.
2. It has been planned such that all major cities across the world would be an 8-hour flight from NEOM.
3. The city is being built using artificial intelligence and clean energy sources.
4. The city would consist of bullet trains and hyperloop but the residents would be encouraged for using bicycles.
5. NEOM’s climate provides un-rivalled complementary solar and wind potential through competitively priced renewable energy. The government of Saudi Arabia would build new industries and drive the next wave of the energy transition by producing green hydrogen.
6. Leveraging low-cost clean energy and a carbon-free energy ecosystem from scratch, NEOM plans on developing energy-intensive industries with the potential to lead on a global scale.
7. NEOM would build Digital Air which is free WiFi for all its residents.
Neom: An AI Metropolis in the Desert Robots Will Outnumber Humans-
In September 2019, Neom awarded contracts to build and operate three new residential areas for construction workers with a capacity for 30,000 people.
If Neom does manage to go from the drawing board to becoming reality, technology will play a central role in the city’s development and day-to-day running, with plans for artificial rain, a fake moon, robotic maids, flying taxis and holographic teachers in the pipeline. As “a new blueprint for sustainable life,” it will run entirely on renewable energy, not to mention desalinated seawater, with residents served by vertical farms and solar-powered greenhouses.
High-Tech Healthcare and Digital Twins –
“At the point of entry, everyone—both Neomians and visitors—will have the opportunity to have a digital twin of themselves created. This will lead to personalized and precise medical treatment. General treatment pathways will be removed and everything will be catered to a person’s specific genomic profile. These methods exist today, but simply haven’t been brought to scale at this level yet.”
Biotechnology is one of Neom’s priority industries, with the city aiming to position itself at the forefront of developments in gene therapy, genomics, stem cell research, nanobiology and pharmaceutical manufacturing.
Futuristic Expectations from NEOM –
1. Neom is supposed to draw on “cloud seeding” technology to make artificial clouds which will produce more rainfall than naturally possible in the desert.
2. At night NEOM would possibly be illuminated by a Giant Artificial Moon.
3. NEOM would be attracting the best of emerging and established talent from the world, with an unprecedented commitment to industry education, innovation and production activity, all in a uniquely collaborative environment.
Mr. Devendra Chaturvedi, Assistant Professor, School of Computer Applications, Career Point University, Kota