PHYSIOTHERAPY PAST, PRESENT & FUTURE


Introduction- Physical Therapy/Physiotherapy is a unique branch of medical field or allied health profession. Physical refers to physical activity passively or actively and Therapy refers to treatment or systemic planned for therapeutic purpose.

HISTORY:-
A military physician Dr. Lorenz Gleich (1798-1865) from Bavaria was the first to use the term physiotherapy in its earlier German language version, “Physiotherapie” in his article in the year 1851.

DEFINITION:- The World Confederation for Physical Therapy (WCPT), the renowned global organization for physical therapy for instance, defines-Physiotherapy as providing services to people and populations to develop, maintain and restore maximum movement and functional ability throughout the life-span.
In 1920, the society was granted a Royal Charter. As the Chartered Society grew in strength, branches and local boards were established all over the country and in 1944, the Society adopted its present name, The Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (CSP), being more representative of the field of work it covered.

The organization’s name was later on changed to the american physical therapy association (APTA)-Due to her significant contribution in the reconstruction aide services, Mary McMillan came to be known as the “mother of physical therapy”.

PRESENT :- “Physiotherapy not ONLY for Cure, Also for prevention”-(Physiotherapist are qualified to not just cure but educate people with preventive measures).

  • Presently, the WCPT recommends physical therapist entry-level educational programmes be based on university/university-level studies, of a minimum 4 years & 6-months internship(compulsory), independently validated & accredited as being at a standard that accords graduates full statutory and professional recognition.
  • Core values of professionalism according to APTA- Accountability, Altruism, Caring, Excellence, Integrity, Professional duty, Social responsibility.
  • Physical therapy also plays a major role in recovery from a stroke, recover from or prevent a sports injury and manage women’s health and other condition.
  • The recent development is owed mainly to international collaboration especially in research and its dissemination.

FUTURE :-

  • The existing researcher-clinician gap should be minimized in order that improved application of best research finding and evidence in to practice and also for generation of best – research evidence from expert clinical practice can go hand-in-hand towards betterment of our society and our profession.
  • For more betterment and increase our efficiency of work- we have to go more in detailed analysis with Artificial Intelligence (AI).
  • Future aspect, our profession have to reach in deep analysis and more work on insomnia/sleep disorder, headache –common & chronic problems.
  • We need to perform a thorough reflection and strategic planning in our doctoral programmes, practice autonomy and importing professionalism among therapists.

“Movement Principle produce movement techniques”- Ido Portal


CONCLUSION :- From the foregoing remarks it is evident that, growing from an inspiring past, there will be a further and wider field for the practice of physiotherapy in the future. A faith in their work, the physiotherapy will “move mountains”.

Ms. Harshika Gupta, BPT-IV Year, School of Physiotherapy, Career Point University, Kota

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