Introduction- The year 2020 too will mark the continuation of tremendous changes in technology and digital transformation, thereby requiring the organizations to constantly innovate and reinvent themselves. Digital transformation is another important point of focus for the industries and the businesses that are ranking high on cloud computing and business analytics. Factors like quality and reliability are being given major attention, which results in the reduction of software application errors, improving the security and the application performance. Today, the companies are integrating their testing, earlier in the software development cycle, with testing methods like Agile. This also involves the establishment of the T-CoEs to match the testing mechanism with business development building products that are ‘Ready for Business’.
We discuss some Major trends that changing the face of software testing.
1. Automation Testing :-
- With today’s enterprises adopting agile and DevOps processes, it becomes a mandate for these practices to leverage automation testing.
- Basically, Test automation is critical for continuous delivery (CD) and continuous testing (CT), as it can speed up the release cycles, increase test coverage and ensure quality software release.
- Software automation testing involves the usage of tools and test scripts to test the software, and these automated test results are more reliable. Hence, test automation speeds up the testing process, ensures faster releases and delivers accurate results.
2. Regression Testing :-
- Regression testing is one of the software testing types that should be performed when there is a change made in the application or when there is a new feature added to the application. With this testing practice, tests are conducted to ensure and check the previously developed and tested software still performs well even after a change is made in the software.
- This is an effective functional testing type that should be taken up especially when there are continuous changes made in the application as this testing process checks for any new bug or error in the existing software and is more so a verification process for the software.
3. DevOps :-
- DevOps is a widely known practice of bringing development and operations teams together to bring an effective DevOps culture.
- This DevOps culture is about a shared collaboration between the development (Dev) and operation (Ops) teams.
- It is a modern code deployment approach that significantly helps in the collaboration and coordination among various teams and accelerates the software delivery process with faster releases. This process ensures effective feedback to deliver quality software and ensures improved customer satisfaction.
4. User Testing :-
- One of the important types of software testing that is gaining more popularity in recent years is user testing. This form of user testing refers to a technique wherein real users take up the role of testers to test the interface and functions of applications, websites, mobile applications, or services.
- In this method, the real users test the apps by considering various real-time use cases and the feedback from these users helps in improving the application for the end-users. This is a usability technique to gain valuable insights from users regarding how they feel about the product.
5. Integration Testing :-
- In Software testing, it is important that every system component gets integrated with the different application modules to ensure smooth working of the entire system.
- Enterprises following agile and DevOps should take up integration testing to ensure that the application modules function effectively when they are grouped together.
- Thus, Integration testing should be leveraged by businesses as there are numerous benefits with it such as the process helps to identify system-level issues such as module integration issues, broken databases, etc. and helps to identify them while developers resolve them at the earliest.
6. UAT Testing :-
As soon as a product is developed, even before it is moved to production, the product owner will check its functionality and usability by performing the User acceptance testing. This is actually the final phase before launch where the stakeholders check if the product is as per their requirements and also check if there are any errors while moving ahead with the functionalities. Primarily, a user acceptance test is an important and final phase to test whether the software is functioning as per the requirements. 7. Accessibility Testing :-
- In today’s digital age with connected devices and mobile apps running in millions, there is a need for these mobile & web apps to be accessible to differently-abled people.
- However, there are various innovative products, applications and websites that are not made accessible to people with certain disabilities.
- But, today, it is a mandate that businesses should leverage accessibility testing. This sort of software testing not only focuses on verifying app usability, but it also makes sure that the application can be used by people with many disabilities, including visual, auditory, physical, speech, cognitive, language, learning, and neurological disabilities.
9. Performance Testing Tools :-
- Today’s businesses become successful only if their business-critical mobile and web applications perform well under varying loads and should essentially deliver great performance. If these business apps crash when numerous users tend to use it, then users will dump such apps and would never wish to get back to such apps.
- Only those mobile and web apps that perform seamlessly under varying loads are bound to deliver a great customer experience (CX). In order to get high-performing digital mobile and web apps, leverage performance testing from next-gen testing service providers.
10. Selenium Testing :-
- Businesses adopting agile and DevOps processes should leverage test automation using various test automation tools for faster releases and to get quicker time-to-market.
- Selenium is one of the most commonly used test automation tool which is a lightweight tool and developer-friendly tool, commonly used for automating web applications.
- Selenium provides a playback tool for authoring functional tests without the need to learn a test scripting language (Selenium IDE).
Mr. Arshad Hussain, Assistant Professor, School of Computer Applications, Career Point University, Kota